All Lead Local Flood Authorities (LLFA) are required to prepare a PFRA to meet the requirements of the 2009 Flood Risk regulations. The PFRA is a high level screening exercise to determine whether there is a local flood risk within the LLFA area based on historic and potential future flood risk. Local flood risk includes that arising from surface water, groundwater, ordinary watercourses and canals. It does not include flooding from main rivers as that is the responsibility of the Environment Agency under the regulations. The 2009 flood risk regulations were put in place by the government to ensure compliance with the EU Floods Directive.